【ワシントン１８日共同】米中央情報局（ＣＩＡ）が１９５０年代から６０年代にかけて、日本の左派勢力を弱体化させ保守政権の安定化を図るため、当時の岸信介、池田勇人両政権下の自民党有力者と、旧社会党右派を指すとみられる「左派穏健勢力」に秘密資金を提供、旧民社党結党を促していたことが１８日、分かった。同日刊行の国務省編さんの外交史料集に明記された。同省の担当者は「日本政界への秘密工作を米政府として公式に認めたのは初めて」と共同通信に言明した。米ソ冷戦が本格化した当時、日本を反共の「とりで」にしようと、自民党への支援に加え、左派勢力を分断する露骨な内政干渉まで行った米秘密工作の実態が発覚。日本の戦後政治史や日米関係史の再検証にもつながる重要史実といえそうだ。2006/07/19 01:52 【共同通信】
C.I.A. Spent Millions to Support Japanese Right in 50’s and 60’s
By TIM WEINER, Published: October 09, 1994, New York Times
In a major covert operation of the cold war, the Central Intelligence Agency spent millions of dollars to support the conservative party that dominated Japan’s politics for a generation. The C.I.A. gave money to the Liberal Democratic Party and its members in the 1950’s and the 1960’s, to gather intelligence on Japan, make the country a bulwark against Communism in Asia and undermine the Japanese left, said retired intelligence officials and former diplomats. Since then, the C.I.A. has dropped its covert financial aid and focused instead on gathering inside information on Japan’s party politics and positions in trade and treaty talks, retired intelligence officers said. The Liberal Democrats’ 38 years of one-party governance ended last year when they fell from power after a series of corruption cases — many involving secret cash contributions. Still the largest party in Japan’s parliament, they formed an awkward coalition in June with their old cold war enemies, the Socialists — the party that the C.I.A.’s aid aimed in part to undermine.
アメリカ国務省編纂『アメリカ外交文書史料集（Foreign Relations of the United States、FRUS）』
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964–1968, Volume XXIX, Part 2, Japan
1. Editorial Note
In the 1958–1968 decade, the U.S. Government approved four covert programs to try to influence the direction of Japanese political life. Concerned that potential electoral success by leftist political forces would strengthen Japanese neutralism and eventually pave the way for a leftist government in Japan, the Eisenhower administration authorized the Central Intelligence Agency before the May 1958 elections for the Japanese House of Representatives to provide a few key pro-American and conservative politicians with covert limited financial support and electoral advice. The recipient Japanese candidates were told only that they were getting support from American businessmen. This program of modest financial support to key politicians continued during subsequent electoral campaigns into the 1960s. Another U.S. covert action in Japan sought to reduce the chances that extreme left-wing politicians would be elected. During 1959, the Eisenhower administration authorized the CIA to institute a covert program to try to split off the moderate wing of the leftist opposition in the hope that a more pro-American and “responsible” opposition party would emerge. This program’s financial support was limited—$75,000 for 1960—and it continued basically at that level through the early 1960s. By 1964, key officials in the Lyndon Johnson administration were becoming convinced that because of the increased stability in Japanese politics, covert subsidies to Japanese politicians were no longer necessary. Furthermore, there was a consensus that the program of subsidies was not worth the risk of exposure. The subsidy program for Japanese political parties was phased out in early 1964. Meanwhile, a broader covert program, divided almost equally between propaganda and social action and designed to encourage key elements in Japanese society to reject the influence of the extreme left, continued to be funded at moderate levels—$450,000 for 1964, for example throughout the Johnson administration.