Daily Archives: January 2, 2018

「プロジェクト・フラ」 ソ連の北方四島占領、米が援助 極秘に艦船貸与し兵士訓練も

ソ連の北方四島占領、米が援助 極秘に艦船貸与し兵士訓練も(北海道新聞) – Yahoo!ニュース 2017/12/30(土) 8:30配信

「プロジェクト・フラ」作戦 北海道の根室振興局が調査









A Soviet Navy signalman (left) receives training from a U.S. Navy signalman at Cold Bay, Territory of Alaska, during the secret Project Hula training-and-transfer program. in 1945.

Fort Randall at Cold Bay, Territory of Alaska, in 1942. Project Hula took place here in 1945. The head of the bay itself is at center right.

The Tacoma-class patrol frigate USS Hoquiam (PF-5) at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, on 14 June 1944. Transferred at Cold Bay on 16 August 1945, she became EK-13 in the Soviet Navy, and was returned to the United States in 1949. The patrol frigates were the largest, most heavily armed, and most expensive ships transferred in Project Hula.

The minesweeper USS Admirable (AM-136) was transferred at Cold Bay on 19 July 1945, becoming T-331 in the Soviet Navy.

Soviet Navy Rear Admiral Boris Dmitrievich Popov, commander of the 5th Independent Brigade of Soviet Navy Ships at Cold Bay, cuts a cake while his counterpart, Captain William Stewart Maxwell (right), commanding officer of U.S. Navy Detachment 3294 at Cold Bay and overall commander of Project Hula, and members of their staffs look on during a party in Popov’s honor on Memorial Day, 30 May 1945, probably at Dutch Harbor, Alaska.

Rear Admiral Popov speaks aboard an unidentified Admirable-class minesweeper during the ship’s transfer ceremony, probably on 21 or 22 May 1945.

The U.S. Navy auxiliary motor minesweeper USS YMS-143 when new in February 1943. Transferred at Cold Bay on 17 May 1945, she became T-522 and took part in the Soviet conquest of the Japanese province of Karafuto on southern Sakhalin Island between 11 and 25 August 1945. T-522 served in the Soviet Navy until stricken in July 1956 and dismantled for spare parts.

The large infantry landing craft USS LCI(L)-551 in May 1945, flying her colors at half-mast in honor of the recently deceased President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Transferred to the Soviet Navy at Cold Bay on 29 July 1945, she became DS-48 and took part in the Soviet invasion of the Kuril Islands. The Soviet Union returned her to the United States in 1955.

The large infantry landing craft USS LCI(L)-585 and USS LCI(L)-591 at Cold Bay in the spring of 1945, awaiting transfer to the Soviet Navy, in which they became DS-45 and DS-35, respectively. The Soviets returned LCI(L)-585 to the United States in 1955; DS-35 was sold for scrap in the Soviet Union.

The submarine chaser USS SC-1011 off Terminal Island, California, in July 1943. Transferred at Cold Bay on 17 August 1945, she served as BO-327 in the Soviet Navy until stricken in 1955.

The floating workshop USS YR-74 was not among the Project Hula ships, but the United States transferred four YRs identical to her at Cold Bay in the summer of 1945.

The U.S. flag is lowered aboard LCI(L)s as the U.S. Navy decommissions them for immediate transfer to the Soviet Union at Cold Bay on 9 June 1945.

The Soviet naval ensign is raised aboard the LCI(L)s at Cold Bay as they are commissioned into the Soviet Navy immediately after their transfer on 9 June 1945. Redesignated desantiye suda (DS) or “landing ship,” these craft saw action against Japanese forces during the Soviet campaign in northern Korea in August–September 1945.